当下走红的空气炸锅,究竟是怎么工作的呢?

发布于 2022-05-23 07:48

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How Does an Air Fryer Work, Exactly?

Imagine a world in which crispy fries, chicken, and onion rings are healthier but just as tasty. No, that's not the promise of a too-good-to-be-true kitchen hack. It's reality when using an air fryer. There's a lot to learn when it comes to air-frying foods, like the difference between air frying and baking and how to clean an air fryer. But probably the most pressing question of all: How does an air fryer work? We're breaking down the basics so that next time you use the gadget, you won't be making any air-fryer mistakes.

想象一下这样一个世界:脆薯条、鸡肉和洋葱圈更健康,但同样美味。不,这不是一个好得令人难以置信的厨房黑客的承诺。这就是使用空气炸锅的真实情况。当涉及到空气油炸食物时,有很多东西需要学习,比如空气油炸和烘烤的区别,以及如何清洗空气炸锅。但最紧迫的问题可能是:空气炸锅是如何工作的?我们将分解这些基本原理,这样下次你使用这个小玩意时,就不会再犯空气炸锅的错误了。


01

What is an air fryer?

What is an air fryer?


An air fryer is similar to a convection oven but doesn't bake (or truly fry) your food. This kitchen gadget has become increasingly popular over recent years because it promises just-like-fried food with little to no oil.

空气炸锅类似于对流烤箱,但不烘烤(或真正油炸)你的食物。近年来,这个“小玩意”越来越受欢迎,因为它承诺只提供少量或不含油的油炸食品。

02

How does an air fryer work?

How does an air fryer work?


The machine relies on a small amount of oil (about a tablespoon) and circulating hot air to help cook and crisp up your favorite foods. Traditional deep-frying, on the other hand, requires cooks to submerge the food in at least three or so cups of oil. More oil means more fat, which is why frying is less healthy than roasting, grilling, or air frying.

这台机器依靠少量的油(大约一汤匙)和循环的热空气来帮助烹饪和酥脆你喜欢的食物。另一方面,传统的油炸需要厨师将食物浸泡在至少三杯左右的油中。更多的油意味着更多的脂肪,这就是为什么油炸比烤、烤或油炸更不健康。

The lack of oil doesn't mean air-fried foods lack texture or taste. One study comparing deep-fried french fries to those that are air-fried shows that the final fries were similar in color, texture, and moisture- but had different amounts of fat. Since there's less fat with air frying, there are also fewer calories. Most people reduce their caloric intake by 70 to 80 percent, on average, when using air fryers, according to the Cleveland Clinic.

油少并不意味着油炸食品缺乏口感或味道。一项研究将油炸的薯条与空气油炸的薯条进行了比较,结果显示,最后的薯条在颜色、质地和口感上都很相似-但脂肪含量不同。由于空气油炸的脂肪较少,热量也较少。根据克利夫兰诊所的数据,大多数人在使用空气炸锅时,平均会减少70%80%的热量摄入。

Some studies also show that cooking with an air fryer reduces the formation of harmful compounds, such as the carcinogen acrylamide. It's found in high-carb foods that are cooked using high-heat methods like frying. Research shows that, compared with traditional deep-frying, air frying can reduce acrylamide by 90 percent. Still, be careful not to burn your food with an air fryer, as charred foods might be carcinogenic too.

一些研究还表明,用空气炸锅烹饪可以减少有害化合物的形成,如致癌物质丙烯酰胺。它存在于高碳水化合物的食物中,这些食物是用高热量的方法烹饪的,比如油炸。研究表明,与传统的油炸相比,空气油炸可以减少90%的丙烯酰胺。不过,注意不要用空气炸锅把食物烧焦,因为烧焦的食物也可能致癌。

03

Do you need oil to cook in an air fryer?

Do you need oil to cook in an air fryer?


Sometimes you may want to use a little oil to increase the crispiness of whatever you're air frying, but many foods don't require any oil at all. Even if you use a small amount of oil, it won't compare to the health risks associated with deep-frying.

有时你可能想要用一点油来增加你所炸的任何东西的脆度,但许多食物根本不需要任何油。即使你用了少量的油,它也无法与油炸相关的健康风险相比。

If you're looking to line the basket, as you would do before placing a baking sheet into a regular oven, find out if you can put foil in an air fryer.

如果你想把篮子排成一行,就像你在把烤盘放进普通烤箱之前做的那样,看看你是否可以把箔纸放进空气炸锅。

04

How do you use an air fryer?

How do you use an air fryer?


When using an air fryer, the most important thing to keep in mind is that you shouldn't overcrowd the basket. If you're cooking something like french fries, make sure you don't layer the fries. This will allow for more even cooking. If youre questioning how full the basket is, remember that it's best to include less food per batch and cook in as many batches as you need. .

Your air-fryer manual will likely provide a general idea about cooking times and temperatures for various foods. Regardless of the time, always pull out the basket to check the progress of your food; shake it around a little bit to make sure everything is cooked evenly.

使用空气炸锅时,最重要的是要记住,你不应该把篮子挤得太满。如果你在做像薯条这样的东西,确保不要把薯条分层。这将使烹饪更均匀。如果你怀疑篮子有多满,请记住,每批食物最好少放一些,根据你的需要多做几批。你的空气炸锅使用手册可能会提供一个关于烹饪时间和温度的大致概念各种各样的食物。无论什么时候,都要拿出篮子来检查你的食物的进度;稍微摇晃一下,确保所有东西都煮得均匀。

The bottom line is that air frying is a great way to indulge in fried food without the extra oil and fat of deep-frying. But remember, it shouldn't replace other healthy cooking methods.

最重要的是,空气煎炸是一种享受油炸食品的好方法,而不用像油炸食品那样额外的油和脂肪。但请记住,它不应该取代其他健康的烹饪方法。

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